Leonidas – Automated Attack Simulation In The Cloud, Complete With Detection Use Cases

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leonidas 1 architecture

Leonidas is a framework for executing attacker actions in the cloud. It provides a YAML-based format for defining cloud attacker tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) and their associated detection properties. These definitions can then be compiled into:

  • A web API exposing each test case as an individual endpoint
  • Sigma rules (https://github.com/Neo23x0/sigma) for detection
  • Documentation – see http://detectioninthe.cloud/ for an example

Deploying the API

The API is deployed via an AWS-native CI/CD pipeline. Instructions for this can be found at Deploying Leonidas.

Using the API

The API is invoked via web requests secured by an API key. Details on using the API can be found at Using Leonidas

Installing the Generator Locally

To build documentation or Sigma rules, you’ll need to install the generator locally. You can do this by:

  • cd generator
  • poetry install

Generating Sigma Rules

Sigma rules can be generated as follows:

  • poetry run ./generator.py sigma

The rules will then appear in ./output/sigma

Generating Documentation

The documentation is generated as follows:

  • poetry run ./generator.py docs

This will produce markdown versions of the documentation available at output/docs. This can be uploaded to an existing markdown-based documentation system, or the following can be used to create a prettified HTML version of the docs:

  • cd output
  • mkdocs build

This will create a output/site folder containing the HTML site. It is also possible to view this locally by running mkdocs serve in the same folder.

Writing Definitions

The definitions are written in a YAML-based format, for which an example is provided below. Documentation on how to write these can be found in Writing Definitions

---
name: Enumerate Cloudtrails for a Given Region
author: Nick Jones
description: |
An adversary may attempt to enumerate the configured trails, to identify what actions will be logged and where they will be logged to. In AWS, this may start with a single call to enumerate the trails applicable to the default region.
category: Discovery
mitre_ids:
- T1526
platform: aws
permissions:
- cloudtrail:DescribeTrails
input_arguments:
executors:
sh:
code: |
aws cloudtrail describe-trails
leonidas_aws:
implemented: True
clients:
- cloudtrail
code: |
result = clients["cloudtrail"].describe_trails()
detection:
sigma_id: 48653a63-085a-4a3b-88be-9680e9adb449
status: experimental
level: low
sources:
- name: "cloudtrail"
attributes:
eventName: "DescribeTrails"
eventSource: "*.cloudtrail.a mazonaws.com"

Credits

Project built and maintained by Nick Jones ( NJonesUK / @nojonesuk).

This project drew ideas and inspiration from a range of sources, including:

  • Pacu
  • Rhino Security’s AWS IAM Privilege Escalations
  • All of Scott Piper’s AWS security work ( https://github.com/0xdabbad00 / @0xdabbad00 )
  • MITRE ATT&CK
  • MITRE CALDERA
  • Red Canary’s Atomic Red Team
  • Sigma
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