Group-IB specialists identified the spread of a popular scam on the Network. The Double Deception scheme is as follows: people who have already become victims of Internet scams are offered assistance in obtaining compensation for damage, after which scammers steal their personal information, including bank card information.
“The scheme has several scenarios — scammers offer to refund money for participating in popular fake polls, give away or dishonest lotteries. In another case, they promise VAT compensation for expenses on the purchase of foreign goods: medicines and dietary supplements, clothes and shoes, food, fuel, building materials, household appliances, etc.,” said Group-IB.
Experts have studied the working scheme of one of the fraudulent resources. As it turned out, behind it is a network of sites of more than 170 domain names registered for one person. Fraudsters often register their sites in the domain zone .xyz and not in .ru. This allows them to avoid quick locks.
In order to attract victims, fraudsters use several methods. They can send newsletters in social networks, messengers and by mail, or use clones of popular media. Group-IB experts gave an example of the title of one of such fake publications: “a 76-year-old pensioner received 170,000 rubles of VAT compensation and spent all the money on a stripper.” From this page, users were redirected to a website where they were asked to calculate their VAT refund amount. To do this, the victim must enter four digits of the Bank card number. The final step of this scheme is to redirect the person who wants to receive compensation to the chatbot. There, the user was asked to talk to a lawyer who would help them get compensation, and finally pay for their services to get a refund. As a result, the victim’s card details and money are debited by fraudsters.
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