Kubernetes-Goat – Is A “Vulnerable By Design” Kubernetes Cluster. Designed To Be An Intentionally Vulnerable Cluster Environment To Learn And Practice Kubernetes Security

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The Kubernetes Goat is designed to be an intentionally


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Setting up Kubernetes Goat

  • Before we set up the Kubernetes Goat, ensure that you have created and have admin access to the Kubernetes cluster
kubectl version --short
  • Set up the helm version 2 in your path as helm2. Refer to helm releases for more information about setup
helm2 --help
  • Then finally setup Kubernetes Goat by running the following command
git clone https://github.com/madhuakula/kubernetes-goat.git
cd kubernetes-goat
bash setup-kubernetes-goat.sh
  • To export the ports/services locally to start learning, run the following command
bash access-kubernetes-goat.sh
  • Then navigate to

Kubernetes Goat – KIND setup

  • If you want to setup Kubernetes Goat using KIND, refer to kind-setup


  1. Sensitive keys in code-bases
  2. DIND (docker-in-docker) exploitation
  3. SSRF in K8S world
  4. Container escape to access host system
  5. Docker CIS Benchmarks analysis
  6. Kubernetes CIS Benchmarks analysis
  7. Attacking private registry
  8. NodePort exposed services
  9. Helm v2 tiller to PwN the cluster
  10. Analysing crypto miner container
  11. Kubernetes Namespaces bypass
  12. Gaining environment information
  13. DoS the memory/CPU resources
  14. Hacker Container preview
  15. Hidden in layers
  16. RBAC Least Privileges Misconfiguration
  17. KubeAudit – Audit Kubernetes Clusters
  18. Sysdig Falco – Runtime Security Monitoring & Detection
  19. Popeye – A Kubernetes Cluster Sanitizer
  20. Secure network boundaries using NSP


  • Presented at OWASP Bay Area Meetup at https://youtu.be/DQllxpb46Yw
  • Presented at DEF CON RED Team Village https://youtu.be/aEaSZJRbnTo
  • Presented at OWASP San Diego at https://www.meetup.com/Open-Web-Application-Security-Project-San-Diego-OWASP-SD/events/hmbbkrybckbvb/
  • Featured in the official Kubernetes Podcast at https://kubernetespodcast.com/episode/109-kubermatic
  • Featured in tl;dr sec https://tldrsec.com/blog/tldr-sec-039
  • Featured in CloudSecList https://cloudseclist.com/issues/issue-42
  • Presented at EkoParty 2020 DevSecOps https://youtu.be/XqwbVU-gtng
  • Presented at c0c0cn 2020 https://india.c0c0n.org/2020/speakers#madhu_akula
  • Featured in Info Ck YouTube channel https://youtu.be/5ojho4L6Xfo
  • Presented in Cloud Native Indonesia Meetup https://youtu.be/pf5jOGWoWU0
  • Presented in USENIX LISA 2021 Closing Note
  • Presented in SANS CloudSecNext Summit 2021


Kubernetes Goat creates intentionally vulnerable resources into your cluster. DO NOT deploy Kubernetes Goat in a production environment or alongside any sensitive cluster resources.

Kubernetes Goat comes with absolutely no warranties whatsoever. By using Kubernetes Goat, you take full responsibility for all outcomes that result.

Download Kubernetes-Goat

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