Whisker – A C# Tool For Taking Over Active Directory User And Computer Accounts By Manipulating Their msDS-KeyCredentialLink Attribute

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Whisker

Whisker is a C# tool for taking over Active Directory user and computer accounts by manipulating their msDS-KeyCredentialLink attribute, effectively adding “Shadow Credentials” to the target account.

This tool is based on code from DSInternals by Michael Grafnetter (@MGrafnetter).

For this attack to succeed, the environment must have a Domain Controller running on Windows Server 2016, and the Domain Controller must have a server authentication certificate to allow for PKINIT Kerberos authentication.

More details are available at the post Shadow Credentials: Abusing Key Trust Account Mapping for Takeover.

Usage

Add a new value to the msDS-KeyCredentialLink attribute of a target object:

Whisker.exe add /target:computername$ /domain:constoso.local /dc:dc1.contoso.local /path:C:pathtofile.pfx /password:[email protected]

/target: Required. Set the target name. Computer objects should end with a ‘$’ sign.

/domain: Optional. Set the target Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN). If not provided, will try to resolve the FQDN of the current user.

/dc:<IP/HOSTNAME> Optional. Set the target Domain Controller (DC). If not provided, will try to target the Primary Domain Controller (PDC).

/path: Optional. Set the path to store the generated self-siged certificate for authentication. If not provided, the certificate will be printed as a Base64 blob.

/password: Optional. Set the password for the stored self-siged certificate. If not provided, a random password will be generated.

Remove a value from the msDS-KeyCredentialLink attribute of a target object:

Whisker.exe remove /target:computername$ /domain:constoso.local /dc:dc1.contoso.local /remove:2de4643a-2e0b-438f-a99d-5cb058b3254b

/target: Required. Set the target name. Computer objects should end with a ‘$’ sign.

/deviceID: Required. Set the DeviceID of the value to remove from the attribute msDS-KeyCredentialLink of the target object. Must be a valid GUID.

/domain: Optional. Set the target Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN). If not provided, will try to resolve the FQDN of the current user.

/dc:<IP/HOSTNAME> Optional. Set the target Domain Controller (DC). If not provided, will try to target the Primary Domain Controller (PDC).

Clear all the values of the the msDS-KeyCredentialLink attribute of a target object:

Whisker.exe clear /target:computername$ /domain:constoso.local /dc:dc1.contoso.local 

/target: Required. Set the target name. Computer objects should end with a ‘$’ sign.

/domain: Optional. Set the target Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN). If not provided, will try to resolve the FQDN of the current user.

/dc:<IP/HOSTNAME> Optional. Set the target Domain Controller (DC). If not provided, will try to target the Primary Domain Controller (PDC).

Warning: Clearing the msDS-KeyCredentialLink attribute of accounts configured for passwordless authentication will cause disruptions.

List all the values of the the msDS-KeyCredentialLink attribute of a target object:

Whisker.exe list /target:computername$ /domain:constoso.local /dc:dc1.contoso.local 

/target: Required. Set the target name. Computer objects should end with a ‘$’ sign.

/domain: Optional. Set the target Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN). If not provided, will try to resolve the FQDN of the current user.

/dc:<IP/HOSTNAME> Optional. Set the target Domain Controller (DC). If not provided, will try to target the Primary Domain Controller (PDC).

Download Whisker

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